Definitions and functions:
The ILO Convention on Occupational Health Services (No. 161) and the ILO Recommendations on Occupational Health Services (No. 171) were adopted in 1985. In the Convention the following definition was given:- "The term 'occupational health services' means services entrusted with essentially preventive functions and responsible for advising the employer, the workers and their representatives in the undertaking, on:
- the requirements for establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy working environment which will facilitate optimal physical and mental health in relation to work- the adaptation of work to the capabilities of workers in the light of their state of physical and mental health".
The above definition alone is not enough to describe the range of activities carried out by Occupational Health Services. There are a number of functions listed in the Convention, and these are summarised hereunder:-
***Note: The above is quoted, paraphrased, or simplified from the ILO. ***